DATES

EVENTS

1805

 

June 27

Francis William Newman is born, third son of John Newman (1767–1824) and Jemima Fourdrinier, at 17 Southampton Street, Bloomsbury Square, London.

 Fall
1811

1821

He attends the Preparatory School of Rev. George Nicholas at Great Ealing, where the senior classical master, Rev. Walter Mayers—then Presbyterian minister of St. Paul's Chapel at Old Brentford, east of Ealing—and the writings of Presbyterian author Philip Doddridge (1702–1751), his "spiritual father," exerted the most important influences in his conversion in 1819. Another important source of religious influence was the Calvinist author Thomas Scott of Aston Sandford (1747–1821).

1816

 

 

The private bank of Ramsbottom, Newman, and Ramsbottom (72 Lombard Street, London) is forced to close. John Newman, on the verge of bankruptcy, applies himself unsuccessfully to the brewery trade.

1821

 

 

Newman is confirmed in the Church of England by William Howley, Bishop of London.

 

 

September 30

Newman refuses to copy a letter for his father on the "Sabbath Day." John is brought into the controversy, who supports his younger brother to the dismay of their father.

 

 

October

Newman moves in with his brother John at Seal's Coffee House, Oxford, 34 Broad Street (on the corner of Catte Street and Holywell Street).

1822

 

April

After John is elected Fellow at Oriel College, the two Newman brothers move into lodgings at Palmer's, on Merton Lane, where they are neighbors with Joseph Blanco White. These three regularly have breakfast and tea together.

 

 

November 29

Newman subscribes to the Thirty-nine Articles and matriculates at Worcester College, Oxford.

1823

1826

During vacations, he assists Walter Mayers, now curate of Over Worton, near Deddington, with his pupils.

1823

 

November

Newman obtains rooms at Worcester College. John decorates his brother's walls with two prints, one of which is from an engraving done after the manner of Correggio, titled "La Madonna col Divoto." The resulting collision over religious sensibilities marks the beginning of a doctrinal split between brothers.

1824

 

June 13

John is ordained deacon in the Church of England and is appointed to a curacy at St. Clement's. Newman attends the ceremony.

1826

 

June

Newman graduates B.A. with a double-first in classics and mathematics.

 

 

July-August

Working on a Life of the apostle Paul, Newman takes advantage of Rev. Mayers's library and studies William Paley's Horae Paulinae (1790). (In December 1825 Mayers married Sarah Giberne.) Newman spends much time in the company of Mrs. Mayers and her sister, Maria Rosina Giberne, with whom he is becoming increasingly infatuated.

 

 

November 29

He is elected to a fellowship at Balliol College.

1827

 

 

He teaches in Thomas Byrth's Sunday School in the parish of St. Clement's.

 

 

September

Newman accepts a position as private tutor to the sons of Edward Pennefather (later chief justice of queen's bench), in Delgany, County Wicklow, Ireland. It is in this context that he becomes acquainted with and influenced by John Nelson Darby, Pennefather's brother-in-law.

 

 

October

Newman reads Anthony Norris Groves's pamphlet Christian Devotedness and becomes an enthusiastic admirer of the author, a friend and occasional guest of the Pennefathers'.

1828

 

January 5

Mary, his youngest sister, dies at age eighteen.

 

 

February 22

Newman's mentor Walter Mayers dies suddenly at age thirty-eight.

1829

 

 

On returning to Oxford, Newman associates with like-minded evangelicals, including Benjamin Wills Newton.

 

 

 

He assists his brother John as a visitor at Littlemore.

1830

 

 

Newman writes The Theorems of Taylor and Maclaurin in a Finite Form, published at Oxford as a pamphlet. This is the first of numerous articles by Newman on the higher mathematics, a subject of interest to him throughout his life.

 

 

May-June

J. N. Darby arrives at Oxford, and Newman introduces him to B. W. Newton (who invites Darby to his home in Plymouth). Newman determines to join A. N. Groves's missionary team in Baghdad. (Missionaries are strongly encouraged to marry and enter the field as partners, in the manner of Priscilla and Aquila.) Newman's proposal of marriage to Maria Giberne is rejected. After making full repayment to John of a generous loan for educational expenses, Newman resigns his fellowship at Balliol. Before leaving Oxford, he meets with Edward B. Pusey, Professor of Hebrew, from whom he receives advice on missionary work and Herbin's Grammar of modern Arabic.

 

 

September 18

As one of a party of seven, Newman departs from Dublin on a missionary trip to Persia. In his company are the leader and financier of the journey, John Vesey Parnell (afterwards Lord Congleton), Edward Cronin, Cronin's infant daughter, mother, and sister Nancy (shortly afterwards Mrs. Parnell), and Mr. [John*] Hamilton.

*First name provided in a letter (7 June 1858) of J. G. Bellett to James McAllister, first published in Interesting Reminiscences of the Early History of "Brethren" (Weston-super-Mare, n.d.); rpt. by Pembroke Bible Chapel as Early Days of the Brethren Movement.

 

 

November 4-28

Rough sea voyage from Marseilles to Larnaca, Cyprus.

 

 

December 29

Arrives in Latakia, from which they travel overland to Aleppo.

1831

 

January 10

They arrive at Aleppo. Here they are detained on account of hostilities between the pashas of Aleppo and Baghdad. (Newman's independent study of the New Testament at Aleppo leads him to conclude that the deity of Christ is derived from God the Father.)

 

 

July

Newman survives his first attack of fever.

 

 

October

He nearly dies during a second attack of fever. Cronin, the missionary party's physician (afterwards, a leading practitioner of homeopathy), applies 220 leeches to Newman, shaves his head, and anoints him with oil. He is supposedly saved through prayer.

 

 

November

He tries, without success, to convert a Muslim carpenter.

 

 

December

Hamilton, who has quit the mission, is accompanied to the port of Latakia by John and Nancy Parnell. There, Mrs. Parnell dies of fever.

1832

 

April 19

Newman, with the four remaining members of his missionary party, departs Aleppo, traveling toward Baghdad.

 

 

April 23

After selling four New Testaments, the party are driven from Antep by a furious mob. Newman is beaten, and Cronin is stoned and knocked unconscious.

 

 

June 10

The missionary party arrives at Mosul, at the ruins of ancient Nineveh, and after a week in a Chaldean convent, take rafts down the Euphrates to Baghdad.

 

 

June 27

They join Anthony Norris Groves, his two sons, and John Kitto at Baghdad, where, during the past year, the population has been depleted from 80,000 to 10,000 by plague, fever, flooding, and civil war.

 

 

July 1

Mrs. Cronin dies of exhaustion and fever.

 

 

July-August

Newman develops a mutually beneficial friendship with Colonel Robert Taylor, the British political resident at Baghdad who, in 1830, had discovered Sennacherib's Prism in the ruins of Nineveh. Newman helps Taylor with his Greek; Taylor assists Newman in Arabic.

 

 

September 18-November

Groves decides to send two of his missionaries briefly to England for the purpose of recruiting others in their enterprise. In the company of Kitto, Newman departs Baghdad. Their journey is shortly arrested at Tehran, where Newman is treated for fever. They winter at Tabriz.

1833

 

February-April 9

After the snow melts, Newman, leaving Kitto under medical care for fever, departs from Tabriz, traveling by horseback through Anatolia to Scutari, opposite the Bosporus to Constantinople.

 

 

April 14

After reuniting at Constantinople, Kitto and Newman embark homeward.

 

 

June

Newman arrives in England. Rumors of his heterodoxy have already begun to circulate among his Evangelical friends. "It began with that Mr. Hamilton from Bagdad . . . [who] quite believes him to be a heretic."* In vain, he renews his proposal of marriage to Maria Giberne. (She later converts to Roman Catholicism and becomes Sister Maria Pia.)

*Letter of Harriet Newman to J. H. Newman, qtd. by Ann Margaret Schellenberg, in Prize the Doubt: The Life and Work of Francis William Newman, Ph.D. Thesis (Univ. of Durham, 1994), p. 47.

 

 

June 27

On this, his birthday, Newman meets another Maria, a daughter of Sir John Kennaway, 1st Baronet, of Escott, Ottery St. Mary, Devon. The Kennaways were friends of A. N. Groves.

 

 

July 9

Newman's brother John arrives in England, returning from Italy.

 

 

August

Newman announces his engagement to Maria Kennaway. (By this time, the mission at Baghdad has been aborted. Groves is in route to Bombay, where his missionary team has agreed to join him in the following year. Newman's plans are still undecided.)

1834

 

 

He is appointed classical tutor at Bristol College. Among his students is a son of Dr. Lant Carpenter; this leads to Newman's first meeting with a Unitarian.

1835

 

 

Newman reads Moses Stuart's Letters on the Divinity of Christ (1819).

 

 

November

Newman has become a "Socinian," according to correspondence from his brother John.

 

 

December 22

Newman is married to Maria Kennaway. (Maria's sister, Frances, marries Edward Cronin on 24 May 1838.)

1836

 

 

He delivers his Lectures on Logic at Bristol College (published in 1838).

 

 

 

Newman publishes his groundbreaking "Essay towards a Grammar of the Berber Languages," noting the Semitic roots of this group of North African languages.

 

 

May 17

His mother dies, but due to the illness of his wife (among other reasons), he does not attend her funeral.

(See Letter to J. K. Tucker, 9-1890.)

 

 

July 7

He is immersed as a Baptist in Broadmead Chapel, Bristol.

1837

 

 

He begins writing reviews, mainly on subjects of classical history and philosophy, for the Eclectic Review, under the new editorship of Thomas Price.

1838

1842

During these years, Newman meets twice with Dr. Thomas Arnold of Rugby.

1839

 

 

He begins his friendship with poet and essayist John Sterling.

1840

 

 

Newman is appointed Professor of Classics at Manchester New College, where his friendships with colleagues James Martineau and John James Taylor develop.

1841

 

 

He has The Difficulties of Elementary Geometry published and writes a theodicy, "Thoughts on the Existence of Evil" (published by Thomas Scott in 1872).

1843

 

 

Newman edits, abridges, and revises an English translation of Victor A. Huber's The English Universities (1839).

 

 

September-October

Exhausted, Newman and his wife spend three quiet weeks with his sister Harriet in Derby.

1844

 

October

Upon the death of John Sterling, the Newmans adopt his eldest son, Edward Conningham Sterling (1831–1915). (A few years later Edward inherits the Sterling farm at Headley Grove, Surrey, where he lives with his sisters.)

1845

 

 

Twenty articles by Newman, most of which are on subjects of the Old Testament, are published in A Cyclopaedia of Biblical Literature, edited by John Kitto. These articles largely anticipate the views he will soon make public in his History of the Hebrew Monarchy.

 

 

 

He begins writing reviews for The Prospective Review, under the new collaborative editorship of Martineau, Taylor, and Charles Wicksteed.

 

 

 

He becomes a member of the British Anti-State Church Association and begins writing tracts on behalf of their cause.

 

 

October 9

Newman's brother John is admitted into the Roman Catholic Church.

1846

 

July

Newman is appointed Professor of Latin at University College, London. Among his first students is Walter Bagehot, the later editor, with James Martineau, of the National Review.

 

 

July

He visits his brother John at Maryvale, near Birmingham.

 

 

September-October

He delivers Four Lectures on the Contrasts of Ancient and Modern History at the Manchester Athenaeum.

1847

 

 

After having his History of the Hebrew Monarchy printed at his own expense (and anonymously, to protect the feelings of his wife), Newman finds a willing publisher in John Chapman of London, beginning a business and social relationship that would endure fifteen turbulent years and be finally, in 1868, terminated by Newman, upon his learning of Chapman's extra-marital relations.

 

 

 

Newman corresponds with Arthur Hugh Clough, who is planning on taking a position at University College.

 

 

October 13

He presents his lecture The Relations of Free Knowledge to Moral Sentiment at University College, London.

1848

 

February-November

Newman is Principal of University Hall, University College.

 

 

 

He collaborates with William Empson, editor of the Edinburgh Review, on "Academical Test Articles."

 

 

 

Newman writes An Appeal to the Middle Classes on the Urgent Necessity of Numerous Radical Reforms, Financial and Organic, published in pamphlet form. It receives a hostile reception from an anonymous critic (Henry Rogers) in the Edinburgh Review.

1849

 

 

Through Chapman, Newman publishes The Soul: Her Sorrows and Her Aspirations, which quickly goes through two printings and establishes his reputation as a religious philosopher.

 

 

April

He writes a sympathetic review of James Anthony Froude's "Philosophical Novels."

 

 

 

He is involved in the founding of Bedford College for women, where he teaches mathematics, political economy, Roman history, and poetry, and begins his friendship with Anna Swanwick.

1850

 

March

Through Chapman, Newman publishes Phases of Faith; or, Passages from the History of My Creed.

 

 

 

He writes a series of articles on social and economic subjects for The Leader, under the editorship of Thornton Hunt.

 

 

Spring

Newman attends the Sunday evening lectures of Alexander John Scott, Professor of English Language and Literature at University College. Through his attendance at these lectures and occasional brief appearances at the soirées of Chapman, Newman is meeting many of the most significant contemporary heterodox and radical thinkers in England and abroad.

1851

 

 

Newman's Lectures on Political Economy is published.

 

 

 

Newman resigns from Bedford College as a protest for the dismissal of Thomas Wilson, Professor of English, Geography, and Astronomy, on account of his religious views. (Among Newman's last group of students at Bedford College is John Chapman's literary assistant and editor, Mary Anne Evans.)

 

 

Summer

Newman's Swiss tour.

 

 

September

He visits Froude at his vacation retreat at Pas Gwynant, in Wales.

1852

 

 

Newman's Regal Rome: An Introduction to Roman History is published.

 

 

 

Newman's career as an outspoken critic of all forms of political oppression essentially begins during this year, which opens with the publication of his "The Latest Continental Theory of Legislation" in the Westminster Review, a journal recently acquired by John Chapman. Newman's contributions to the WR continue until 1863, with the exception of his participation in a forum on Land Nationalization in 1890.

 

 

April 28

He delivers a lecture, "The Place and Duty of England in Europe," at the third meeting of The Friends of Italy, a republican society established in London by political refugee Giuseppe Mazzini.

 

 

 

Newman's religious views – primarily, those expressed in The Soul – are unfairly caricatured and pilloried by the anonymous author (Henry Rogers) of The Eclipse of Faith; or, A Visit to a Religious Sceptic. This book is heralded by the Evangelical and conservative Christian reviews as a devastating and unanswerable exposé of Newman's and Theodore Parker's fallacies. The book passes through six editions in two years and does significant damage to Newman's reputation as a religious thinker.

1853

 

 

Newman's The Crimes of the House of Hapsburg against Its Own Liege Subjects, Select Speeches of Kossuth, and Odes of Horace are published.

 

 

 

Pushed by his critics (and friends), Newman, in a second edition of Phases of Faith, includes a response to The Eclipse of Faith and gives more specific details to support his criticism of the doctrine of moral perfection in Jesus of Nazareth. His revision raises an outcry. Henry Rogers responds with A Defense of the Eclipse of Faith (1854), and among Evangelicals Newman's name becomes virtually synonymous with that of anti-Christ.

1854

 

 

At Chapman's urging, Newman writes Catholic Union for Chapman's "Catholic Series." It presents a blueprint on how to bring about union for philanthropic purposes, without reference to religious creeds. This book, though not without value, pleased neither its author nor its critics.

 

 

 

In London public hall meetings, Newman speaks out on the duty of England to defend Turkey from Russian aggression.

1856

 

 

Newman's Iliad of Homer Faithfully Translated into Unrhymed English Metre, a translation in ballad form, intended to appeal specifically to the working class, is published.

 

 

 

Taking advantage of the Turkomania raised by the Crimean War, Newman edits and releases his missionary letters, published under the title A Personal Narrative, in Letters: Principally from Turkey, in the Years 1830-3.

 

 

September

He vacations with the family of Lajus Kossuth and other Hungarian refugees at Ventnor; from the beach they enjoy the bath-houses.

1857

 

 

He becomes active in the United Kingdom Alliance, formed in Manchester by Sir Wilfred Lawson, and delivers a public lecture, Considerations for the Educated concerning the Drink Traffic.

1858

 

 

Through Chapman, Newman publishes Theism, Doctrinal and Practical; or Didactic Religious Utterances and, in the Westminster Review, "The Religious Weakness of Protestantism."

 

 

April

With "Our Relation to the Princes of India," published in the Westminster Review, Newman begins a series of articles critical of British policy and affairs in India.

1859

 

April

He moves from 7 Park Village East to 10 Circus Road, St. John's Wood, N.W. London.

 

 

July

He publishes a largely sympathetic review of Benjamin Jowett's Epistles of St. Paul, in which he discusses the peculiar intellectual and moral difficulties of the Anglican clergy.

 

 

August

He spends a delightful vacation in Aberystwyth, Wales, with James Martineau and William Henry Channing.

 

 

October 12

Newman delivers his lecture The Relations of Professional to Liberal Knowledge at University College, London University.

1860

 

 

Newman, in preparing a new (sixth) edition of Phases of Faith for publication, replaces his Reply to The Eclipse of Faith with an enlarged Reply to A Defense of the Eclipse of Faith.

 

 

May 20

From the pulpit of South-Place Chapel, Finsbury, Newman delivers his lecture The Action and Reaction between Churches and the Civil Government.

1861

 

 

He begins writing for Fraser's Magazine, under the new editorship of J. A. Froude, and continues to contribute until 1879.

 

 

 

His reply to the criticism of Matthew Arnold, Homeric Translation in Theory and Practice, is published.

 

 

April

With "The American Quarrel," published in Fraser's, Newman begins a series of articles in favor of emancipation and critical of the southern states.

1862

 

October

His article "Essays and Reviews: Dr. Lushington's Judgment" is published.

 

 

December

He resigns the Chair of Latin at University College, but various duties delay his severance from London University for another six months.

1863

 

February 23

Newman delivers a speech on America and its conflict at St. James's Hall, London.

 

 

 

He speaks on "The Good Cause of President Lincoln" at a meeting of the Emancipation Society in London, and writes The Character of the Southern States of America: A Letter to a Friend Who Had Joined the Southern Association, published as a pamphlet.

 

 

April-May

Newman writes on the agitation in the Church of England provoked by the publication of Bishop Colenso's Pentateuch and Book of Joshua Critically Examined (1862): "The Reformation Arrested" and "The Future of the National Church."

1864

 

April 24

At the invitation of Moncure Daniel Conway, Newman delivers at South-Place Chapel A Discourse against Hero-Making in Religion, in response to Frances Power Cobbe's effort, in Broken Lights, to raise Jesus to heroic status as a historical and religious figure.

 

 

 

Newman's Text of the Iguvine Inscriptions, with Interlinear Latin Translation and Notes is published.

1865

 

February 17

At a meeting in the home of Thomas Scott, at Ramsgate, Newman delivers his speech The Permissive Bill More Urgent than any Extension of the Franchise, urging that Lawson's proposal (that a two-thirds' vote in any county should be sufficient to suppress the opening of local drink-shops) would achieve more on behalf of temperance than an extension of the national right to vote. At this meeting, either Scott invited Newman to begin writing for his series "in behalf of the cause of free inquiry and free expression" — tracts that Scott was just beginning to publish and circulate at his own expense — or Newman submitted his first essay for Scott's consideration.

 

 

 

The Bigot and the Sceptic: What Is Their Euthanasia? makes its appearance, the first of twenty-one tracts by Newman that Thomas Scott was to publish between 1865 and 1878.

 

 

 

Newman resigns from London University.

1866

 

 

Newman's Handbook of Modern Arabic; consisting of a Practical Grammar, with Numerous Examples, Dialogues, and Newspaper Extracts; in a European Type is published.

 

 

Autumn

Newman submits an article, "Emancipation in the West Indies," to the American Unitarian periodical The Radical: A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Religion (1865-1872).

1867

 

 

Newman is elected to the Executive Committee of the National Society for Women's Suffrage, renamed the following year to the Bristol and West of England Society for Women's Suffrage.

 

 

March 4

He delivers his speech On the Philosophical Classification of National Institutions at the Bristol Institution for the Advancement of Science, Literature and the Arts.

 

 

April 1

He gives an address in Bristol, Why the People Ought To Have a Veto on the Sale of Drink?

 

 

April

He writes a letter to the editor of The Radical, published as "Why Do I Not Call Myself a Christian?"

 

 

 

Newman's Orthoepy; or, A Simple Mode of Accenting English, for the Advantage of Foreigners and All Learners, Intended to Aid Popular Instruction is published. He later attempts to apply its principles in several of his works, but for the most part, he is hindered by resistance from publishers.

1868

 

March 20

Newman begins a lengthy correspondence with Robert Braithwaite, then a Roman Catholic. Out of this correspondence, which will continue through the remainder of Newman's life, will develop a friendship.

 

 

July-August

Newman moves to 1 Dover Place, Clifton, Bristol.

 

 

 

In response to James Martineau's advocacy of "Free Christian" Churches — a Unitarian effort to embrace in fellowship all Theists — Newman writes Thoughts on a Free and Comprehensive Christianity, published by Thomas Scott.

1869

 

.

.

 

 

February 24

Newman delivers his Lecture on Women's Suffrage at the Bristol Athenaeum, at the invitation of the London Society for Women's Suffrage.

 

 

 

With The Cure of the Great Social Evil, with Special Reference to Recent Laws Delusively Called Contagious Diseases' Acts, Newman begins his campaign against the CDA.

 

 

 

The first of five volumes of Newman's Miscellanies is published. These volumes are thematically arranged collections from his published and unpublished writings. Most of the contents of this and subsequent volumes are revised.

1870

 

January 28

At the Guildhall, in Bath, Newman delivers a second Lecture on Women's Suffrage.

 

 

 

He publishes two tracts in support of extending the franchise, Intellectual and Moral Tendencies of Female Suffrage, and Women's Wrongs.

 

 

May 16

Newman delivers the leading speech in a meeting at Clifton against the CDA.

 

 

June

He visits with Keshub Chunder Sen, the guest of Mary Carpenter at Bristol.

 

 

December
13-14

Newman moderates the public debate in Bristol between Rev. A. J. Harrison and Charles Bradlaugh on the subject "Theism versus Atheism."

1871

 

 

Newman's two-volume Dictionary of Modern Arabic and his Europe of the Near Future; with Three Letters on the Franco-German War are published.

 

 

February 7

He delivers a lecture at Bristol, On the Causes of Atheism.

 

 

March 14

He delivers a speech at Leicester, On the Drink Traffic.

 

 

November

Newman submits "The True Temptation of Jesus," the first of twenty articles within a four-year period, to The Index, a recently established weekly paper dedicated to the advancement of free religion and secularism, edited by Francis Ellingwood Abbott, then a Unitarian minister in Toledo, Ohio.

1872

 

 

Newman becomes a member of the Central Committee for Women's Suffrage.

 

 

June

He moves from Clifton to Weston-super-Mare.

 

 

October 20

At the Friend's Institute, in Manchester, he delivers A Lecture on Vegetarianism.

1873

 

July

He reviews Matthew Arnold's Literature and Dogma for Fraser's Magazine.

1874

 

 

He revises his Theism of 1858, republishing it as Hebrew Theism: The Common Basis of Judaism, Christianity, and Mohammedism.

 

 

February-March

He contributes two articles, "Organized Priesthood" and "Parliamentary Government," to the Fortnightly Review, under the editorship of John Morley.

 

 

October 12

Newman reads a paper, On Religious Endowments, to the members of the Reform Club, Manchester. In 1875, this is published in the Theological Review, under the editorship of Newman's former student Charles Beard, now minister of the Unitarian Church on Renshaw Street, Liverpool.

 

 

October 26

He presents his paper The Political Side of the Vaccination System at the Birmingham Anti-Vaccination Conference.

1875

 

June 6

At the Unitarian Free Church at Clerkenwell, at the invitation of Peter Dean, and during a special meeting organized by the British and Foreign Unitarian Association to commemorate its anniversary, Newman preaches "Sin against God." At the conclusion of this sermon, Newman publicly announces his union with this Association. He is one of the vice-presidents until 1883, when he is elected president.

 

 

October 15

He delivers his speech on the Re-organization of English Institutions at the Manchester Athenaeum.

 

 

 

At the invitation of Robert R. Suffield, former Dominican preacher, Newman delivers two discourses at the Free Christian Church in Croydon, London, On the Presence of God and On the Service of God.

 

 

 

He breaks with The Index, on account of F. E. Abbot's apparent hostility towards Christianity. Newman insists on respecting the religious sentiment in all Theists, regardless of creed, and on speaking the truth with love.

1876

 

 

Newman contributes three articles to The Langham Magazine, the short-lived monthly, edited by Charles Voysey, minister of the Theistic Church.

 

 

July 16

Newman's wife, Maria née Kennaway, dies.

 

 

October 26

He presents a lecture in Manchester, On the Relation of the Supply of Food to the Laws of Landed Tenure.

1877

 

 

Newman's Religion, not History is published

 

 

 

He begins contributing articles to the Contemporary Review, under the new editorship of Alexander Strahan.

1878

 

 

He releases his personal family devotions under the title Morning Prayers in the Household of a Believer in God.

 

 

March 25

Newman presides at a vegetarian banquet at the Clarendon Hotel, Oxford.

 

 

December 3

He marries Eleanor Williams, his former wife's closest friend who, for eleven years, had lived in the Newmans' home as Maria's personal maid.

1879

 

May 12

Newman's brother John is made Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

 

 

July 13

At the invitation of Charles Voysey, Newman delivers his sermon "Religious Mischiefs of Credulity" to the Theists meeting at Langham Hall, London. (James Anthony Froude is in attendance.)

 

 

 

His sister Jemima Charlotte, wife of John Mozley, dies.

1880

 

May 23

Substituting in the pulpit for Voysey, Newman delivers his sermon "Errors concerning Deity" to the Theistic Church in Langham Hall.

1881

 

 

He publishes, at his own expense, in pamphlet form, What Is Christianity without Christ?

 

 

November

Newman has a mild stroke, resulting in partial paralysis, temporarily preventing him from writing.

1882

 

 

His Libyan Vocabulary; an Essay towards Reproducing the Ancient Numidian Language, out of Four Modern Tongues is published.

1883

 

January

Newman is elected president of the Vegetarian Society.

 

 

July

Newman is made Honorary Fellow of Worcester College, Oxford.

 

 

 

He publishes his indignant protest against British foreign policy, A Christian Commonwealth, and collects his writings on vegetarianism into an anthology, Essays on Diet.

1884

 

March

Newman's brother Charles dies. This event, combined with Newman's physical debilitation, is a memento mori, and from about this time, Newman is notably anxious to place his works and final thoughts into the public domain.

 

 

May

Newman's Christianity in Its Cradle is published.

 

 

 

After decades of teaching Æschylus and assisting scholars in their translations, Newman publishes his Comments on the Text of Æschylus. Six years later, he adds a Supplement.

 

 

 

His Rebilius Cruso: Robinson Crusoe in Latin; a Book to Lighten Tedium to a Learner is published.

1885

 

January

Newman resigns his presidency over the Vegetarian Society.

1886

 

 

A second, enlarged edition of Christianity in Its Cradle is published, and Newman, anxious to correct an impression of confidence in immortality that he conveyed in Hebrew Theism, releases Life after Death? Palinodia, a systematic overview of the arguments for and against survival of personality after death.

1887

 

 

Still at work on Berber languages, Newman presents his Kabail Vocabulary: Supplemented by Aid of a New Source.

 

 

 

His second volume of Miscellanies is published, collecting, in revised form, what he regarded as many of his best essays on religion.

1888

 

 

His Reminiscences of Two Exiles (Kossuth and Pulszky) and Two Wars (Crimean and Franco-Austrian), an anthology of Mathematical Tracts, and a third volume of Miscellanies is published.

 

 

May-June

The Newmans vacation at Bishops Teignton, at the health resort of his former colleague at Bedford College, William B. Carpenter. There they enjoy his Turkish Baths.

 

 

June 21-22

Newman delivers an address at the Gaudy of Worcester College, and is present the following day, as the "oldest living fellow," at the Gaudy of Balliol.

 

 

November

Newman meets with his brother John for the last time at his holiday retreat in Rednal.

1889

 

 

Newman, having collected together his anti-slavery essays, written between the years 1863 and 1879, has them published under the title Anglo-Saxon Abolition of Negro Slavery.

1890

 

 

The fourth volume of Newman's Miscellanies, including a revised edition of his Lectures on Political Economy, is published.

 

 

August 11

His brother John dies. Newman, feeling that his presence would be inappropriate, does not attend the funeral.

1891

 

 

Newman's Contributions to the Early History of the Late Cardinal Newman is published. It quickly passes into a second edition.

 

 

 

The fifth volume of Newman's Miscellanies is published. Although he plans to release a sixth volume, it never appears.

 

 

July

His article on "The Progress of Political Economy from the Time of Adam Smith" is published.

1892

 

 

Newman's collection of revised hymns, suitable for Theists, is published under the title Secret Hymns.

 

 

 

His First Steps in Etruscan and The Higher Trigonometry: Superrationals of the Second Order are published.

1893

 

 

No sooner is The Gospel of Paul of Tarsus, and of His Opponent, James the Just, from Our Current New Testament published than Newman begins enlarging and revising it.

1894

 

 

The revised edition of The Gospel of Paul of Tarsus is published under the title Christianity before and after Paul of Tarsus, with the Tales Accepted as Sacred in the Anglican Church, 1894.

1895

 

 

Newman has published his Hebrew Jesus: His True Creed; from Canonical Texts of the Anglicans, before Paul of Tarsus Was a Christian, with the Cardinal Prayer of Jesus as Our Sole Sufficient Creed.

1897

 

May

Newman loses his footing and falls down a flight of stairs. He is, subsequently, bedridden.

 

 

October 4

He dies.

 

 

October 9

His funeral is preached by Rev. J. Timperley Grey at the Cemetery Chapel, Weston-super-Mare.

 

 

 

G. J. Holyoake edits a manuscript that he received from Newman and publishes it as Mature Thoughts on Christianity, by F. W. Newman. From a biographical and critical perspective, this is a controversial work, difficult of appraisal, as it raises issues regarding transmission, editorial transcription and intent, as well as Newman's mental state at the time of dictation. Its publication may be considered the first of Newman's posthumous misfortunes, the second and most damaging being the uninsightful and largely unsympathetic Memoir written of him by the niece of Maria Giberne, Isabel Giberne Sieveking, published in 1907.

Latest Additions and Revisions: April 2012
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